The investigation in Case 003 focuses on the crimes allegedly committed by Meas Muth, also known as Achar Nen, a former high-ranking member of the Revolutionary Army of Kampuchea (“DK Army”) and the Democratic Kampuchea Navy (“DK Navy”) during the period from 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979. The crimes that the Court is presently investigating in the investigation of Meas Muth include: genocide, crimes against humanity, including forced marriage and rape, grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and violations of the 1956 Cambodian Penal Code.
As a former high-ranking military commander, Meas Muth is believed to be involved in purging members of the military—including arresting, unlawfully detaining, torturing, murdering and subject former military members to forced labor. Similar harms were committed against workers, fishermen, people identified as “traitors” to the Khmer Rouge, foreign nationals (Western, Thai and Vietnamese) captured in waters claimed by the Khmer Rouge government or kidnapped from border areas.
To date, CJA has filed 78 Civil Party applications for Case 003 on behalf of Cambodian-American Khmer Rouge survivors. The investigation against Meas Muth was closed on 11 January 2017. The ECCC is now evaluating whether to indict Meas Muth and send Case 003 to trial or whether to dismiss the case.